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中国正在研制H-20远程隐形轰炸机

文章出处:责任编辑: 人气:发表时间:2020-01-02 19:29:13 【

China is developing theH20 long-range stealth bomber and one version could copy the US B2 bomberand another the Russian Tu-160.

中国正在研制H20远程隐形轰炸机,一个版本复制美国的B2,另一个则是复制俄罗斯的图160。
(译者注:800亿到手)

Above –H-20 impression from Artist Bai Wei. H-20 art put together information fromChinese research articles and info leaks to produce this speculative picture ofthe H-20 stealth bomber. Bai Wei

上图的H-20想象画来自于艺术家Bai Wei。H-20想象画结合了来自中国的科研文章和泄露信息,画出了这幅H-20隐形轰炸机想象画。

China already has stealthfighters and has developed the Y20 cargo plane.

中国已经拥有了隐形战斗机,且已研制了Y20运输机。

China’s new-generationlong-range bomber is likely to have the following characteristics.

中国新一代远程轰炸机可能具有以下特性:

1. good stealthperformance. The new bomber will probably adopt the flying wing layout likeAmerican and Russian bombers to meet the requirement for stealth performance.

1. 良好的隐形性能。新轰可能采用了飞翼布局,类似于美国和俄罗斯的轰炸机,以满足隐形性能要求。

2. ultra long range. The new bomber has an intercontinental flying range ofmore than 10,000km and combat radius of over 5,000km. With air refueling, it isable to fly and carry out missions around the globe.

2. 超远的航程。新轰炸机具有洲际航行能力,航程超过1万公里,战斗半径超过5千公里。通过空中加油,能够环绕地球执行任务。

3. large bomb load. Aimed to lower the R&D cost and enhance strikecapability, the new bomber will have a slightly smaller bomb load than B-2A (23tons) but larger than H-6K.

3. 大载弹量。为了降低研发费用,提高打击能力,新轰可能比B2A的23吨载弹量略少,但大于H-6K。

4. nuclear-regular integration. The new-generation long-range bomber will haveboth nuclear and regular strike capability to hit the enemy’s key links andsystemic weaknesses.

4. 核常兼备。新轰具有核常兼备打击能力,能够攻击敌人的关键节点和系统弱点。

5. strong electronic combat capability. The new-generation long-range bomber isalmost as good as a special electronic combat aircraft in electronic combatcapability. It is able to disturb and destroy incoming missiles and other airand ground targets through a range of equipment including radar, electronicconfrontation platform, high power microwave, laser and infrared equipment.

5. 强大的电子战能力。新轰所具有的的电子战能力几乎可以媲美专用电子战飞机,能够干扰并摧毁来袭导弹和其他空中及地面目标,所配备的设备包括雷达、电子对抗平台、高功率微波武器、激光和红外设备。

A version of the H-20 willbe similar in size to and shape to B-2 bomber. The H-20 would have bombs andthe 1,200-mile-range CJ-10 land attack cruise missiles. Future weapons willinclude the GB-6A stealth cruise missiles and hypersonic scramjet missiles.

H-20的一个版本在尺寸和外形上类似于B2轰炸机。H-20可以装备炸弹和射程1200英里的长剑10巡航导弹。未来可能装备的武器还包括GB-6A(亚音速)隐形巡航导弹以及高超音速超燃发动机导弹。

The US and Russia bothhave their own long-range bombers. The US has the B-52H, B-1B and B-2A. Russiahas the Tu-160 and Tu-95MS. The US is developing a next-generation B21 Raiderstrategic bomber.

美国和俄罗斯都拥有各自的远程轰炸机。美国拥有B-52H,B-1B和B-2A。俄罗斯拥有图-160和图-95MS。美国正在开发下一代B21打击者战略轰炸机
China already has astealth drone

中国已拥有隐身无人机

3.jpgThe Sharp Sword UCAV is aChinese attack drone, a modified version of which could act as a roboticwingman to the future H-20 stealth bomber.

长剑无人机是中国的攻击无人机,其改型版本可用作未来H-20隐形轰炸机的机器人僚机。

1楼SpaceJunkie
The only true 6th genengine in development is the SABRE by REL, which now works with DARPA. If thatworks out its a game changer. All. of the Russian and Chinese"hypersonic" systems are rocket boosted 2-stage designs, essentiallymodified ICBMs. No one has a STO capable engine yet. If you want to talkhypersonic capability, SpaceX could literally have the old 70s concept ofProject Thor or Rods from God up and running in less than a year. Thinkdirected meteors that strike at Mach 15+ with less than 10 min warning.

唯一真正在研发的第6代发动机是REL的SABRE(军刀),现在正在DARPA进行测试。如果成功的话,就是规则改变者。俄罗斯和中国的所有“高超音速”系统都是火箭助推的两阶段设计方案,基本上是ICBM的改型。还没有谁拥有STO能力的发动机。如果你想讨论高超音速能力的话,SpaceX确实拥有上世纪70年代的上帝之杖项目的概念设计,并且能在不到一年时间里投入使用。想想看,具有制导能力的卫星,以15马赫的速度攻击,只有不到10分钟的报警时间。

2楼SpaceJunkie
They do not have a stealthfighter. They have a stealthier SU-35. The J-20 still uses an SU-35 engine andits stealth capability has never been put to the test, they have like 6 ofthem, none which are combat ready. Their attempts to build a 5th gen super-cruiseengine have not succeeded yet. Most aerospace experts doubt the stealth of theJ-20 due to its angles its only stealth from below. In the front, rear and topits vulnerable and does not have true stealth contours.

他们(指中国)没有隐形战斗机。他们有的是苏-35隐形机(译者:哈哈哈)。J-20仍旧使用苏35的发动机,其隐形能力从未经受测试,他们大概有6架,没有一架具备战斗能力。他们企图开发第五代超巡发动机,可还没成呢。大多数航空专家怀疑J-20的隐身能力,因为只有从下面看才是隐身的,其前面后面和上面都很容易探测套,并不具备真正的隐形外形。

3楼zardinuk
The bomber platform isheaded to be the aircraft carrier of the skies. If Russia persists withopen-air nuclear fueled aircraft/missiles then the counter-build-up would be aUS bomber with integrated reactor, and active defenses (lasers, AA missiles).

轰炸机平台将成为空中航母。如果俄罗斯坚持部署开放式的核燃料飞机/导弹,那么美国就会针锋相对的开发集成反应堆和主动防御系统(激光器、空空导弹)的轰炸机。

If there can be asignificant increase in solar efficiency closer to 50% then I could see a muchmore politically feasible path toward a bomber capable of a 30-day loitermission with electric turbines, with not as much need for active defenses. 

如果能将太阳能效率提高到50%,那么我就能看到一个更具政治可行性的方法,能够巡航持续30天的轰炸机,采用电机驱动,而且不需要主动防御。(译者:奥特曼怎么样?)

The kicker is that the nuclear fueled bomber could be made supersonic, andprobably should be.

关键在于核燃料轰炸机可以是超音速的,也应该是超音速的。

Imagining a nuclear aircraft carrier, with so much on-board power, and with theaerodynamics of a gigantic composite aircraft, the need for backup systems,some electric turbines here and there; it would most likely land almost VTOL,like a cross between a spacex rocket and a jetliner, too much risk otherwise. Anearly dart-shaped composite structure, nuclear reactor with 4+ gas turbinesconnected to the coolant loop with the turboshaft connected to an electricgenerator, electric-powered turbines anywhere, vectored thrust at any point.This isn't going to look as crazy as it did in the 50's when the hollowed out abomber and began building a contraption.

想象一艘核动力空中航母,拥有如此巨大的能量,而且符合巨型组合飞行器空气动力学,配备后备系统,比如四处散布的电动机;这样一来差不多可以VTOL(垂直起降)了,样子介于spacex的火箭和喷气式飞机之间,否则风险太大了。有点像飞镖形状的复合结构,核反应堆,至少4台燃气轮机连接到冷却回路,涡轮轴连接到发电机,还有随处可见的电动机,可以任意进行矢量推进。这个看起来也没比50年代的概念疯狂到哪里去。

scaryjello回复zardinuk
You sound like a stonerthat watched too many Marvel movies. There will be no helicarrier. Fissionpowered aviation turbines are among the dumbest ideas ever tested. Don't youneed to make a White Castle run right about now?

你大概是看多了漫威电影的嗑药者吧?未来不会有垂直起降的航母的。核裂变航空涡轮发动机是有史以来最蠢的主意之一。你不觉得自己该去白色城堡(可能是汉堡店)跑一趟吗?

zardinuk 回复scaryjello
Don't mean to justify yourpoint in any way, but the movies often times lead to real life, haven't younoticed? In fact sometimes my government uses the movies to get it's story outthere, as in Zero Dark Thirty. Movies are the new book. Movies are everything.

你压根儿就没证明你的观点,但电影常常引领现实,你没注意到过吗?实际上,有时候我的政府会利用电影来泄露内情,就像《猎杀本拉登》那样。电影是新书,电影是一切。

And also, it takes a stoner to know a stoner, although I wouldn't really callmyself a "stoner", maybe someday *beaming*, but I can't say mythoughts weren't inspired by pop culture and substances in some form or anothereither.

(哦,算了,我就不翻译这段了,大概真是嗑药过头了吧)

I don't think it'd be as big as the Marvel helicarrier, I'm thinking more likea giant B2 with more sweep in the wings so it can go fast.

我不认为空中母舰会像漫威里面的母舰那么大。我认为它更像巨型的B2,而且机翼更后掠,能飞的更快。

doctorpat回复zardinuk
At this point I am forcedto point out that the USA has already built, launched, and commissioned twoflying aircraft carriers.

在这一点上,我不得不指出,美国早已建造、发射和服役了两艘空中航母。

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Airborne_aircraft_carrier#USS_Akron_and_Macon
And lockheed took the idea seriously enough to design one like Zardinuk isdescribing

而且洛克希特也有类似于Zardinuk所描述的严肃概念,足以用于设计。

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lockheed_CL-1201
4楼Kehvan
So, what you're saying is,China is trying to recreate the B-2 with less stealth.

所以呢,你想说的就是,中国正试图重新建造不那么隐形的B-2轰炸机。

5楼anthropic
Sigh. This looks more andmore like Japan in the 1930s, except that China has a much larger industrialbase. Hope we can avoid conflict, but seems almost inevitable what with islandmilitarization and recent Chinese laser attacks on US aircraft in Africa.

真是让人叹气。这么看来,(中国)越来越像1930年代的日本,除了中国拥有更加雄厚的工业基础。希望我们能避免冲突,但看上去几乎无可避免,比如说(南海)岛屿军事化,以及最近中国在非洲用激光攻击美国飞机。


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